Metafisica dei diritti umani

di Claudio Sartea

Abstract: the article starts from the recent publication of a collection of essays entitled «Metaphysics of Human Rights», which appeared to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in 1948. The occasion is inviting to resume the discourse on foundation of human rights, in line with Maritain’s arguments widely used in the book, but also with some original developments: in particular, through a philosophical anthropology that focuses on the relationship as a constitutive dynamic of the human being, beyond both liberal and libertarians abstractions of modern and postmodern individualism, and in the recovery of concepts in which the dialectic between self and other, between rights and duties, between individual and community, refers to a rediscovery of the idea of the human person.
Keywords: Human Rights – Metaphysics – Human Dignity – Relationship – Community.

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A proposito de Il corpo tra mortalità e trasfigurazione di Sergio Cotta

A proposito de Il corpo tra mortalità e trasfigurazione di Sergio Cotta

di Giovanni Tarantino

Abstract: the contribution reflects on the split of the dialectical unity of the body, intuited and feared with foresight more than forty years ago by the essay The body between mortality and transfiguration by Sergio Cotta. A split that implies consequences on the main issues that affect today’s bioethics and which have inevitable consequences for political decisions. Among these consequences are the denial of corporeity, the objectification of the body and, more broadly, an incorrect conceptualization of human nature. The latter, in fact, in the theoretical comparison, is often presented through a reductive perspective, which does not take into account the extraordinary complexity of all its dimensions.
Keywords: Body – Corporeity – Transhumanism – Human nature – Culture.

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