Una lotta per l’autenticità: la riscoperta fenomenologica dell’europa come via husserliana di uscita dalla crisi dei valori

di Valentina Missaglia

Abstract: the crisis of Europe as possibility of rediscovering the authenticity of the West is Husserl’s response to the social and political urgent needs of the first post-war. In a cultural context characterized by historicist and pragmatistic drifting, it is important to restare the absolute news introduced by the Western theorein. Thanks to this, a new historicism is born and an unprecedent humanity arises, which will be destinated to guide the rest of civilisations on earth. The revolutionary act of the philosophical epochè opens the possibility of comparisons and of the free variations of the forms invoking Europe to become a community animated by the infinite research of the universal truth. In this way, in the free and sincere accomplishment of the critical exercise, the intellectual can become a «humanity officer» by giving the contribution to overcome the ingenuites that pervade the modern politics.
Keywords: European Crisis – Universal values – Multiculturalism – Historicism – Crisis of the European Sciences.

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Atene a processo. L’uso politico della storia nel Gorgia e nel Menesseno di Platone

di Valerio Mori

Abstract: In Plato’s political philosophy, usually accused of utopian tendency, the most careful reflection is placed on Athenian politics of the fourth century. Examples are the Gorgias and the Menexenus, which represent, in theatrical form, as typically happened in Athens, political premises and historical effects of imperialism. In these dialogues Plato presents the theses of the supporters of the war against Sparta and implements a form of confutation that is not intra-logical, but counterfactual, through a complex «game» of textual references to the tragedy, especially Euridpidean (the Gorgias) and the Attic comedy (the Menexenus). In this sense, the anachronisms that are encountered in the two works are perfectly understood.
Keywords: Peloponnesian War – Athenian Constitution – Greek Tragedy and Comedy – Political Philosophy and History.

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